Changed Skeptics confront the Qur'an

based on archaeological discoveries made since ~ 1850
. . . and analysis by Classic Scholar, Dr. Colin J. Hemer

. . . and logical guidelines used by scholars


Five skeptics that became Christians support that the Qur'an is NOT based on factual information at the 97.5% confidence level. Perhaps the most important idea related to this web site is that archaeological discoveries of the last 150 years have uncovered evidence that permits us to directly compare the Islamic faith to the Christian faith.

The "key" to bringing truth forward is based on answering a very basic question using physical evidence. This question confronts the belief systems of both Islam and Atheism. "Why did early skeptics of Jesus become Christians?"


Calculating the probability
. . . of the Qur'an not being based on facts

The statistical tool I used for this test is referred to as the chi-square test of independence. This requires a hypothesis to be stated that links the Qur'an to some type of supporting physical evidence. Then we can test whether the data supports if the hypothesis is true or false at a calculated confidence level.

Chi-Square Test of Independence

Muslims are taught and believe that Jesus did not die on the cross. Based on the Muslim world view, we can formulate a hypothesis for this viewpoint. We simply state that "The Qur'anic viewpoint that Jesus did not die on the cross is true since skeptics of Jesus did not become Christians. Skeptics continue as skeptics without evidence." Having made that statement as the hypothesis, we simply calculate a level of confidence that the hypothesis is true or false.

Since the hypothesis is "The Qur'anic viewpoint that Jesus did not die on the cross is true since skeptics of Jesus did not become Christians. Skeptics continue as skeptics without evidence," we would expect to find absolutely no evidence of skeptics becoming Christians. This leads to a math-based problem in the chi-square test of independence. Since we are expecting zero events, we must be able to divide by zero, which is impossible. How can this problem be solved?

There is a viable math-based answer. Anytime the chi-square test of independence expects zero to be the answer, the inverse calculation must be done. Of course, the answer will need to be reversed when applied to the hypothesis after the calculation is done.

Since this method most likely confuses most people, I will walk through this problem with you by example. We expect zero items since the hypothesis is that "The Qur'anic viewpoint that Jesus did not die on the cross is true since skeptics of Jesus did not become Christians. Skeptics continue as skeptics without evidence".

But the research of Dr. Hemer shows that we have randomly uncovered 160 items that correlate to the book of Acts and support the biblical story of the skeptic, Saul of Tarsus, meeting Jesus face-to-face on the road to Damascus. The probability of the book of Acts being an absolute myth is less than 4 chances in 10 billion, billion, billion, billion (4.13 x 10-37) based on uncovered archaeological evidence that matches the texts in the book of Acts.

In addition, the credible testimonies of Jesus' brothers are supported at the 99% confidence level that these men as skeptics of their brother, became Christians. So five skeptics became Christians after being convinced by Jesus' death and resurrection.

Therefore, we have five conversions of skeptics to confront the Qur'an. The inverse calculation would be the same as expecting 5 items and finding zero items. Therefore, let's do the calculation using 5 as the expected value and zero as observed value, which is done below:

Hypothesis
The Qur'anic viewpoint that Jesus did not die on the cross is true since skeptics of Jesus did not become Christians. Skeptics continue as skeptics without evidence

Chi-square
Value

Observed

unique items

Expected

unique items

(EO)

(Expected
minus
Observed)

(EO)2

(EO)2/E

0

5

5

25

5

The chart above shows that we expected 5 unique items and observed zero. This yields the following values of 0 (Bottom Left Corner Above). The difference between the expected (+5) and observed (0) is +5 units (Middle Column Above). The number +5 is squared to equal 25. The value of 25 is divided by the expected value of +5 to yield a chi-square value of +5 (Bottom Right Corner Above). What does the value of +5 mean?

The analysis supports that the hypothesis ("The Qur'anic viewpoint that Jesus did not die on the cross is true since skeptics of Jesus did not become Christians. Skeptics continue as skeptics without evidence") is false. We can conclude that the Qur'an is not based on factual information at the 97.5% confidence level since five skeptics living at the time of Jesus' death and resurrection became Christians.

Comparing the Faith Level Required to be a Muslim to Christian Faith

It is very important to understand that this calculation reveals problems with the Qur'anic view of Jesus. Just as important, this calculation makes it credible to add more archaeological discoveries to the five skeptics. In the 20th century, archaeologists uncovered evidence of people who were eyewitnesses to Jesus dying on the cross.

For example, in 1961, the Pontius Pilate inscription was uncovered. Pilate looked into Jesus' eyes on the day of the crucifixion. In 1990, the Caiaphas ossuary verified that the high priest, Joseph Caiaphas existed, who also looked into Jesus' eyes on the day of the crucifixion. In 1941, the Alexander ossuary was uncovered. His father, Simon of Cyrene, carried Jesus' cross on the day of the crucifixion.

Ancient artifacts discovered since 1850, scholarly guidelines, and the laws of probability support that Jesus was nailed to the cross at the 99.99999998% confidence level. (less than 2 chances in 1 billion of being wrong due to random error).

In contrast, Muhammad lived 600 years after Jesus (no contextual reliability) and is the only person to make a unique claim of Jesus not dying on the cross. Muhammad said the Christians based their belief in Jesus’ death on conjecture. However, artifacts dug up in the 20th century support the conjecture began with Muhammad (at the 99.99999998% confidence level). The decision to follow Muhammad requires blind faith since the probability of Muhammad being correct about Jesus is less than 2 chances in 1 billion.

On the graph below, the extensive archaeological data supporting Jesus' death on the cross is contrasted with the lone voice of Muhammad shown on the bottom right of the chart. The display of this data supports that Muhammad has less than 2 chances in 1 billion that Jesus did not die on the cross.

If you are a Muslim, I recommend that you study the evidence for Jesus' death and resurrection with an open mind. Do not take another Muslim's viewpoint that Muhammad is correct simply because the Qur'an states it.

The purpose of this web site is not to bring out bad emotional feelings. Rather, the purpose is to find spiritual truth and to unveil spiritual deception. Quoting the Qur'an does not prove anything other than you have been misled to believe the Qur'an contains facts. Without external evidence, the Qur'an has no foundation for truth. The case against Islam based on external evidence is solid. To be a Muslim requires that you place blind faith in the Qur'an. And blind faith is the basis of deception in all religions.

In contrast with the Qur'an, archaeological evidence supports that only a small amount of faith is required to believe the conversion story from Saul of Tarsus. Did Saul of Tarsus come face-to-face with the resurrected Jesus on the road to Damascus?

Saul of Tarsus, an early skeptic and terrorist of Christians, was radically changed by that experience. According to the Apostle Paul, Jesus did in fact rise from the dead. The archaeological discoveries that parallel the written text in Acts infer that Christians only need a small amount of faith to believe Paul's testimony that Jesus did in fact die on the cross for the sins of humanity, then rise from the dead. The quantity of faith is the proverbial biblical saying, the size of a mustard seed (Ref: Luke 17:6). Christians placing their faith (complete trust) in Jesus is credible. Are you ready to place your faith in Jesus as your redeemer?


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Based on the book:
"Gabriel's Faces: voice of the Archangel"
ISBN 0-9640404-2-5