In Search of Words from Outside Time-Space
Islam and Christianity: Common Foundations

The Archangel Gabriel

Christianity and Islam are the world's largest religions, Studies show that over 2-billion people claim to be Christian and 1.2 billion people claim to be Muslims worldwide. If this is accurate, more than 50% of the world's population have either Christian or Muslim based beliefs.

Selecting Islam and Christianity based on the amount of believers is important. However, there is a much more important reason for the selection. Both claim to have a similar method of receiving revelation from outside time-space. Both faiths claim to have a prophet that received God's word from the same angel, the Archangel Gabriel. The common source of the Archangel Gabriel makes for an ideal comparison between the two faiths. The tool I use to make this comparison is a mathematical tool, which aids in being objective. Both religions will be analyzed using the Einstein Method guidelines. The ultimate goal is to find out if God has truly revealed spiritual truth to humanity through either or both religions.

Muslims believe that the Archangel Gabriel delivered the specific words recorded in the Qur'an to the prophet Muhammad.

For Christians, the Bible records that the Archangel Gabriel appeared to Daniel, a prophet of the Old Testament. In the New Testament, the Archangel Gabriel appears to Zechariah, the father of John the Baptist, and to Mary, the mother of Jesus. However, I will only analyze Gabriel's appearance to Daniel. Refer to the quick pop-up for information about Gabriel in the New Testament.

The Archangel Gabriel:
(quick pop-up links)

New Testament Appearances

Based on the alleged appearances of Gabriel to Daniel the prophet and to Muhammad, the prophet of Islam, we have the ideal groundwork upon which to compare two religions. Both have the following in common:

  1. Both prophets are believed to have received words from outside time-space
  2. Both faiths claim the same source: the Archangel Gabriel
  3. Both faiths claim the same method of revelation: Received words from God spoken from the mouth of an angel.

Imagine the Archangel Gabriel appearing to you. What do you think the encounter would be like? To get a better idea, let's review what the prophet Muhammad and Daniel say about their encounters.


Muhammad: Prophet of Islam and the visit from the Archangel Gabriel

Islam's holy book is called the Qur'an, which means to recite. The Qur'an tells the story about the Archangel Gabriel appearing to Muhammad in a cave where he went to pray and think about life. When Gabriel first visited Muhammad, he was told to recite words. Muhammad's youngest wife, whose name was Ayesha, reported on this first meeting between Muhammad and the Archangel Gabriel.

"Ayesha reported. The truth came unto him [Muhammad] while he was in the cave of Hira. The angel [Gabriel] appeared before him and said "Read". He [Muhammad] said, "I cannot read." He narrated. Then he [Gabriel] took me and pressed me hard till there came great exhaustion on me; thereafter he let me off and said, "Read." I [Muhammad] replied, "I cannot read." Then he [Gabriel] took me and pressed me hard for the second time until there appeared a great exhaustion on me; thereafter he let me off. He [Gabriel] said, "Read." I [Muhammad] said, "I cannot read." Then he [Gabriel] took me and pressed me a third time till there appeared a great exhaustion on me; thereafter he let me off. He [Gabriel] said, "Read in the name of your Lord Who created, created man from a clot. Read and your Lord is the most Generous, Who taught with the pen, taught man what he knew not." Then the Prophet returned therewith, his heart was trembling and he went to Khadijah [Muhammad's 1st wife] and [Muhammad] said, "Wrap me up, wrap me up." Then they wrapped him until the dread went away from him". Mishkat IV, pp. 356-357

Muslims believe that each word in the Qur'an was given to Muhammad through the Archangel Gabriel. So the Qur'an is believed to be Gabriel's words.

Muslims do not believe that God will speak words directly to a human. To Muslims, words from God can only be revealed through an angel. To Muslims, God is absolutely separate from the creation.

Muslims believe that the Archangel Gabriel visited Muhammad each year for 23 years (610 to 632 CE) to review and recite the words found in the Qur'an. In the year that Muhammad died (632 CE), Muhammad claimed that Gabriel appeared to him twice (to recite the Qur'an)

Muslim source materials declare that Muhammad received words from outside time-space through the Archangel Gabriel. No other evidence is needed to accept this as a Muslim viewpoint.

NOTE: This web site will not dispute the claims of a religion. The purpose is simply to use the logic of the Einstein Method to evaluate if the message can be verified to come from outside time-space.


Daniel: Old Testament Prophet and the visit from the Archangel Gabriel

The Bible claims that the Archangel Gabriel appeared to Daniel the prophet two times. The prophetic stories are recorded in chapters 8 and 9 in the book of Daniel. We find the following words in Daniel, chapter 9 about the angel’s second visit.

… while I was still speaking in prayer, then the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision previously, came to me in my extreme weariness about the time of the evening offering [3:00 PM in the afternoon]. And he gave me instruction and talked with me, and said, "O Daniel, I have now come forth to give you insight with understanding. At the beginning of your supplications (prayer) the command was issued, and I have come to tell you, for you are highly esteemed; so give heed to the message and gain understanding of the vision (Daniel 9:21-23 [NASB]).

Daniel, just like Muhammad, claimed that the Archangel Gabriel visited him to give God's words to him. Christians accept Daniel as being a prophet. In the New Testament, Jesus spoke of Daniel and called him "Daniel the prophet," as follows:

… spoken of through Daniel the prophet (Matthew 24:15 [NASB])

The people living at Qumran, where the Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered also called Daniel a prophet. In a Dead Sea Scrolls commentary called the Florilegium, which was written approximately 50 BCE, a quote is made from Daniel 12:10 with the following reference:

" . . . it is written in the Book of Daniel the Prophet [FlorilegiumSearch for "DANIEL THE PROPHET"]

The Jewish historian, Josephus (37 – 100 CE), called Daniel a prophet in the book, Antiquities. Josephus wrote his viewpoints about 93 CE and referred to Daniel as one of the greatest of the prophets since Daniel’s prophecies are "time-oriented".

… he took Daniel the prophet [Antiquities Book 10, Chapter 11, paragraph 4 Search for "DANIEL THE PROPHET on the linked site"]

… one of the greatest of the prophets [Antiquities Book 10, Chapter 11, paragraph 7 Search for "GREATEST OF THE PROPHETS on the linked site"]

The available evidence supports that Christian and non-Christian source materials from 150 BCE to 100 CE declare that Daniel was believed to be a prophet who received words from outside time-space through the Archangel Gabriel. No other evidence is needed to accept this as a Christian viewpoint.

NOTE:

{Jewish Views of the book of Daniel} For information only: Judaism accepts the book of Daniel but does not place the book in the category of the prophets. The status of the book of Daniel in the Jewish Bible changed from being listed in the "Prophets" section to the "Writings" (poetry) section between the years 400 to 800 CE.

The next section looks into the claims of the Christian faith and the Muslim faith using the Einstein Method to compare Gabriel’s prophetic words given to Daniel the prophet and to Muhammad the prophet.


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