Gabriel's words to Muhammad foretold that the Romans would conquer the Persians. This event is recorded in Surah 30:1-3 as follows:
"The Romans are vanquished. In a near land, and they, after being vanquished, shall overcome within a few years. Allah's is the command before and after; and on that day the believers shall rejoice" (Surah 30:1-3).
Muslims believe that Muhammad gave this oral prophecy about 615 CE. The event was completely fulfilled by 627 CE. Below is a description of the prophecy and its historic fulfillment.
In 614 CE, the Persians occupied Jerusalem, taking it from the Byzantine (East Roman) empire. At that time, the Persians had pagan type beliefs. It is reported that the Persians massacred about 80,000 Christian people in Jerusalem and the Church of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem was defiled with pagan practices and beliefs.
During the early days of Muhammad’s preaching at the city of Mecca, the people associated his beliefs with the Christian faith. The Meccan people were pagans, just like the Persians. Since the pagans in Mecca liked the news that the Christians were being destroyed, they confronted Muhammad about his beliefs. "Look the fire worshipers of Iran are winning victories and the Christian believers in Revelation and Prophet hood are being routed everywhere. Likewise, we, the idol worshipers of Arabia, will exterminate you and your religion."
The Byzantine army marched through Armenia and attacked Persia from its rear in 623 CE. Byzantine armies continued to win battles until the decisive battle in 627 CE at Ninevah. It took the Romans 12 years from 615 to 627 CE to decisively defeat the Persians.
Does this foretold event meet the seven Einstein Method Guidelines? On the left side of the web page, four (4) items read "YES" and three (3) items read "NO". Place your mouse over the item to view the graphic window in the upper left corner or click to learn more with a quick pop-up file.
There are two problems with Muhammad's prophecy as follows.
- Problem #1: The Einstein Method guidelines are that the words be frozen on paper before the event occurs. The "official" Qur'an was not recorded and collected onto paper until 653 CE (worst case). The best case date for recording the Qur'an is 634 CE. However, the event foretold believed to be uttered by Muhammad in 615 was completed by 627 CE (Romans would conquer the Persians). Since the "official" Qur'an with this prophecy was written down in 653 CE, the end event occurred 26 years before it was recorded. (Even the best case of 634 CE for the original Qur'an being recorded and collected is 7 years after the end event). Was the prophecy changed to meet the perceived prediction after the event occurred?
Since the Qur’an was written after the event occurred, the scientific method does not permit analyses as a truly prophetic event. Separate from the scientific method, it takes "blind faith" to accept this event as being from outside time-space. Muslims view these Qur’anic verses as prophetic since they believe the verses were memorized and maybe they were written down before the event occurred. No one will ever know.
- Problem #2: The Einstein Method guidelines require that the foretold event cannot occur during the lifetime of the prophet. The scientific reason is simply that a so-called prophet can reason through the odds that an event could occur. If the odds are good, then the prophecy is given.
Many Muslim scholars portray that it would have been difficult for Muhammad to perceive that the Romans would defeat the Persians. However, the Romans (Byzantines) were the world power of Muhammad's day. Therefore, most people would expect that the Romans would be able to defeat the Persians as time passed.
Since we are using the Einstein Method to analyze religion, this Qur'anic prophecy has low credibility based on the two guidelines above. The only potential evidence that the prophecy is real is that it would have been memorized and never changed. This cannot be verified based on the evidence for when the Qur'an was published.
But what if you're a Muslim and have faith in the Qur'an and Muhammad?
To account for the Muslim view that Muhammad is a true prophet, the calculations done at the end will consider two possibilities; the prophecy is true and the potential that it is false.
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Gabriel's words to Muhammad about the Jewish People